Panchatantra is a Sanskrit word which means "Five principles " The original Sanskrit text of Panchatantra was written by pandit vishnu sharma around 200 BC, and contained a collection of popular tales. The Panchatantra Children Stories are fables based mostly on animals which always end with a moral. The Panchatantra is the oldest collection of Indian fables surviving today. Panchatantra, consists of five books of animal fables and magic tales. Each of these stories have a moral that continues to be relevant to this day. The five principles are : The loss of friends, Gaining Friends, Causing dissension between Friends, Separation, Union.